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簡奧斯丁 Jane Austen 傲慢與偏見_圖文

簡奧斯丁 Jane  Austen 傲慢與偏見_圖文

Jane Austen’s Works ?
One of the most widely read writers in English literature

? “Shakespeare has had neither equal or second. But among the writers who, in the point which we have noticed, have approached nearest to the manner of the great master, we have no hesitation in placing Jane Austen, a woman of whom England is justly proud.” ——Thomas Babington Macaulay (《英國 史》) ? “Miss Austen understood the smallness of life to perfection. She was a great artist, equal in her small sphere to Shakespeare...” ——Alfred Tennyson( 《悼念》) ? “Emma Woodhouse and Anne Elliot give us as great an impression of ?passion?—that celebrated quality—as the ladies of G. Sand and Balzac.” ——Henry James(《鴿翼》)

? “We can hardly bear to recall the emotions of twenty or fifteen years ago, hardly at all, whereas we respond again quite vividly to the emotions of Jane Austen or Dickens, nearly a hundred years ago.” ——D. H. Lawrence (《查泰萊夫人的情人》)
? “The most perfect artist among women, the writer whose books are immortal, died “just as she was beginning to feel confidence in her own success.” ——Virginia Woolf( 《戴洛維夫人》) When Shakespeare and Dickens have sunk into venerability, Austen, on the other hand, has become our contemporary.

A Novelist for Everyone

Introduction to Jane Austen
●The English Romantic Age produced two major novelists. They are Scott and Austen. ● She lived in the Romantic Age but her novels show some critical realism. ● The first famous English female writer. ● “the most perfect artist among women (Jane Austen, Charlotte Bront?, George Eliot and Virginia Woolf )

Jane Austen’s Life

Austen’s Hometown ?
? Jane Austen was born on 16th December 1775, at Steventon in Hampshire
? She was educated mainly at home by her father and brothers.

Austen’s House Museum

?
? This house in Chawton is where Jane Austen lived during the last eight years of her life with her sister Cassandra. In 1949 the house was opened as the Jane Austen’s house museum.

Jane Austen’s Family
Father - a clergyman, ambitious and intelligent Mother – of higher social birth (one of her relatives had been Lord mayor of London) Family – low on financial resources, but high on education Five brothers and one sister. After her father’s death in 1805, the mother, sister, and Jane relied heavily on the charity of the sons. May have died from Addison’s disease or tuberculosis.

? ? ? ?

?

1796年,20歲的奧斯汀遇到勒弗羅伊。情竇初開的她對 這個聰明狡黠 的愛爾蘭年輕律師一見鐘情。 然而,奧斯汀的牧師家庭希望未來女婿擁有經濟實力, 而偏偏那時的勒弗羅伊還是個窮小子。 而擁有6個孩子的勒弗羅伊家也執意與富貴之家聯姻, 因此要求勒弗羅伊返回愛爾蘭。 從此兩人便再沒有相見。當年,奧斯汀在致姐姐卡桑德 拉的信中表達了無奈傷心:“終于,這一天還是到來了, 我將與湯姆·勒弗羅伊告別。而當你收到這封信時,一 切都已結束。一想到這些,我不禁淚流! 后來,勒弗羅伊如家人所愿地娶了個大家閨秀,還成為 愛爾蘭最高法院首席法官。直至晚年,他才向侄子坦言 曾與一位作家有過一段“少年之愛”。

? 初戀以被迫分手告終,奧斯汀選擇終身不嫁,而將所 有未了的情感注入文學創作。 ? “愛的小屋”身價飆升這段戀情沒有讓奧斯汀成為勒 弗羅伊太太,卻激勵她成為英國歷史上最受歡迎的女 作家之一!笆撬嬖V她,她擁有才華。是他鼓勵她 在寫作中追隨自己的思想 ? 盡管他倆沒有在一起,但這段戀情卻激發她成為職業 作家!崩渍f。另一方面,奧斯汀和勒弗羅伊第一次 相遇的房子也行情看漲。這座名為“迪恩小屋”的房 子坐落在漢普郡,充滿濃郁的英式特點,典雅而舒適。 ? 悠久歷史、建筑價值再加上凄美愛情故事,這座小屋 已經被開出1000萬英鎊的高價。

Master Works ?
? Sense and Sensibility ? Pride and Prejudice ? Mansfield Park (1814) ? Emma (1816)
《愛瑪》 《諾桑覺寺》 (1811) 《理智與情感》 《傲慢與偏見》 (1813) 《曼斯菲爾德莊園》

? Northanger Abbey (1818) ? Persuasion (1818)
《勸導》

? A work of romantic fiction, Sense and Sensibility is set in southwest England between 1792 and 1797,and portrays the life and loves of the Dashwood sisters, Elinor and Marianne.

The story follows the main character Elizabeth Bennet as she deals with issues of manners, upbringing, morality, education, and marriage in the society of the landed gentry of early 19th-century England. Elizabeth is the second of five daughters of a country gentleman living near the fictional town of Meryton in Hertfordshire, near London.

Before she began the novel, Austen wrote, "I am going to take a heroine whom no one but myself will much like." In the very first sentence she introduces the title character as "Emma Woodhouse, handsome, clever, and rich." Emma, however, is also rather spoiled, headstrong, and self-satisfied; she greatly overestimates her own matchmaking abilities; she is blind to the dangers of meddling in other people's lives, and her imagination and perceptions often lead her astray.

Characteristics of her Works

?

1. Jane Austen is one of the realistic novelists.
She drew vivid and realistic pictures of everyday life of the country society in her novels.

2. Jane Austen’s main concern is about human beings in their personal relations, human beings with their families and neighbors.
Stories of love and marriage provide the framework for all her novels and in them women are always taken as the major characters

3 .Jane Austen is successful in the employment of irony and frequent use of witty and delightful dialogues.

? One of the most influential novelists of the early 19th century ? Famous for her biting social commentary and masterful use of irony ? Also among the first English women to break the male monopoly of novel writing.

? A.subtlety of observation

Last Days Writing Style

She focused on the trivial incidents of everyday life, their relations with members of their own family and with their friends, dancing parties, tea parties, picnics, and gossips.

? B. depth of psychological penetration

? Her interest is in her depiction of human nature. She is gifted in character portrayal, especially in drawing young girls whom she understands well. She is regarded as a psychological realist. After reading the novels, we get into the inner world of the characters: their different personalities, their desires and intentions.

C. language :

her diction is graceful, elegant and refined . Her novels are famous for their witty conversation and omnipresent humor. ?Eg: In Pride and Prejudice, there are 2 successful comic characters: Mrs.Bennet and Mr.Collins.

?
1.由于居住在鄉村小鎮,接觸到的是中小地主、牧師 等人物以及他們恬靜、舒適的生活環境,因此她的作 品里沒有重大的社會矛盾。 2.她以女性特有的細致入微的觀察力,真實地描繪了 她周圍世界的小天地,尤其是紳士淑女間的婚姻和愛 情風波。 3.她的作品格調輕松詼諧,富有喜劇性沖突,深受讀 者歡迎

Irony — the use of words to express something
other than, or opposite of, the literal meaning

?

? the tone of irony, which Austen will use both verbally and structurally

? reveals that the reverse is also true: a single woman,

whose socially prescribed options are quite limited, is in (perhaps desperate) want of a husband.

Irony (反諷 )

?
? 奧斯丁借助反諷手法悉心雕鑿的藝術精品,它 對于反諷的使用主要體現在三大方面: 一、以反諷 (irony)表現主題; 二、以反諷 (irony)刻畫人物; 三、以反諷 (irony)組織情節和語言.反諷使該小 說成為一部具有濃厚喜劇色彩的現實主義杰作.

Irony (反諷 )
? 反諷作為一種文學技巧,主要分為言語反諷、情景反 諷、結構反諷和模式反諷四種類型.
? 在簡· 奧斯丁的小說<傲慢與偏見>中,不同類型的反諷 靈活地運用于四樁婚姻大事之中,以評判當時以追求金 錢為目的的婚姻觀念

?

反諷是奧斯丁理解、評價生活的愜意的載體,并成為

?

她作品的基調和風格標志.在她的作品<傲慢與偏見> 中,這種藝術風格的運用達到了爐火純青的地步,所以< 傲慢與偏見>是奧斯丁作品中最成功的一部.反諷藝術 的運用是促成這種成功的重要因素之一. <傲慢與偏見>無論從人物刻畫,語言使用,情節發展上 都滲透著反諷.

Women, Patriarchy and Property Rights
? Women had few legal rights ? Depend on men for protection and ? ? ? ?

survival Women could not own property (they were considered property) Depended on fathers to “give them away” to a lucrative marriage At death, property went to another male heir Finding a husband was a necessity not a social preoccupation

and Lack of Mobility
? Conflict that arises when

members of middle class, such as Bennets, mingle socially with members of the upper classes, represented by Mr. Darcy and Mr. Bingley. ? Austen was critical of the social barrier between middle and upper class (while remaining silent about members of lower class) ? Elizabeth Bennet breaks class barrier

Theme of Propriety, Social Decorum, and Reputation
? Person’s value depends on

respect of friends and neighbors ? Woman who engaged in inappropriate behavior with a man prior to marriage was morally corrupt. No virtue = social outcast ? Elizabeth values personal worth and individual character over reputation and status ? Standards of proper social etiquette

Theme of Marriage and Family
? Future of Bennet’s daughters ? ? ?

?

depends on successful union with suitable husbands Women often forced into marital unions purely out of financial necessity New ideal of marriage and partnership based on mutual respect and love Expectation of social network above individual desire for privacy Family’s reputation was tied to reputation of each individual member

《 傲 慢


偏 見 》

Quotations

Analysis of Major Characters

Elizabeth Bennet
The second daughter in the Bennet family, and the most intelligent and quickwitted, Elizabeth is the protagonist of Pride and Prejudice and one of the most well-known female characters in English literature. She is honesty, virtue, and lively.

Analysis of Major Characters
However, she must overcome her own mistaken impressions of Darcy, which initially lead her to reject his proposals of marriage. Her charms are sufficient to keep him interested, fortunately, while she navigates familial and social turmoil. As she gradually comes to recognize the nobility of Darcy’s character, she realizes the error of her initial prejudice against him.

Analysis of Major Characters

?Fitzwilliam Darcy
? The son of a wealthy, wellestablished family and the master of the great estate of Pemberley, Darcy is Elizabeth’s male counterpart

Plot Summary
Elizabeth, is a beautiful girl with a judgment. Darcy, is a handsome man with f ortune. Meanwhile, he is proud and fastidious. They meet each other at a ball in the first time, but he makes a bad first impression on her. Darcy’s arrogance an d disdain of the feeling of others, were such as to form that groundwork of disa ppointment of her, on which succeeding events, abusing and reproaching on pu rpose from George Wickham, have built immoveable a dislike. But he is caugh t by her wits and vivacity, especially, a pair of fine dark eyes. Considering her f amily numbers wanting of propriety and good breeding, having low connection s, and so he conceals his affection from being seen. Several months later, he off ers a hand to her. But she refuse it because of herprejudice of Darcy. Subseque ntly, she is amazed at the changes in Darcy’s manner, and realizes her prejudic es is a natural consequence of the vanity. She is moved by that Darcy is in muc h love with her as over. At the same time, there is a deep sentiment of gratitude raises from her heart. At last, with the misunderstanding vanishing, the couple are well married.

Quotations

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? It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife. 凡是有錢的單身漢,都需要一位太太,這已經成了一條舉世公認的真 理。 ? After a pairs of person has the prejudice, then is unable fairly to judge the matter the result. 對一個人有成見之后,便無法公平判斷事情的結果。 ? Happiness in marriage is entirely a matter of chance. 婚姻的快樂與否純屬命運。 ? No one will ever marry such silly girl 沒有人會娶這樣的傻丫頭。


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